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CARHUS Plus+ 2008

CARHUS Plus+ is a system for the classification of scientific journals in the areas of Social Sciences and Humanities published on a local, national and international level. The first phase of this project, developed by the Agency for Administration of University and Research Grants (AGAUR) and commissioned by the General Directorate of Research (DGR), is presented with the objective of contributing to an evaluation of the research being carried out in the Catalan scientific system and university with the maximum objectivity.

CARHUS PLUS groups scientific journals on a local, national and international level in the fields of Social Sciences and Humanities.

The journals included come from:

  • ERIH Lists. European Reference Index for the Humanities 2007 : : Classification of European journals in the fields of Social Sciences and Humanities developed by the European Science Foundation. A selection of all the journals with an ICDS (Índex Compost de Difusió Secundària - Secondary Diffusion Index) classification of more than 3 and available from this source of information have been included. For a more detailed explanation of the ICDS, see the section “What is the ICDS?”.
  • Research groups recognised by the Autonomous Government of Catalonia in 2005 in the fields of Social Sciences and Humanities: A selection of the journals where these groups have published articles between 2001 and 2005 has been included from this source of information. Only those that are obviously in areas of knowledge outside Social Sciences and Humanities have been excluded
  • IN-RECS. Índice de impacto, revistas españolas en ciencias sociales :Lists of journals published by the research group for evaluation of the science and scientific communication of the University of Granada. All the journals of the index of this document source, both as citations as well as those mentioned in the period 2001-2005, have been included.
  • RESH, Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales y Humana: : Classification of journals developed by CINDOC (Centre for Scientific Information and Documentation). All the source journals mentioned up to 2003 and those quoted in the period 2000-2003 have been included from this documentary source.
  • National Citation Report for Spain 1981-2006: List of journals where Catalan research workers have published articles during the period 1997-2006 based on a search of the Thomson Reuters Scientific database which contains the scientific production present in various bibliometric databases –in particular, the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), and the Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI).
  • Journal Citation Reports (JCR ) 2007 Social Sciences Edition: Database developed by Thomson Reuters Scientific. Journals in the areas of Social Sciences and Humanities classified in descending order according to their impact factor. On the basis of this order, a selection was made of the journals in the first and second quartile. Journals in the subjects of Nursing and Psychiatry were excluded as they were not of these areas of knowledge.
  • Collective proposals addressed to AGAUR from mainly Catalan universities and research centres. Of these proposals, the journals of JCR that were not in the first or second quartile of their subject area were excluded (see the previous paragraph).
  • Catalan journals in the fields of language, literature and history according to some specific sources:the Reports on research in Catalonia: 1996-2002of the Institute of Catalan Studies or the thesis by Jordi Ardanuy Baró

Journals of the previous CARHUS that do not appear in any of document sources mentioned in point 2 are not included in CARHUS PLUS but will be taken into consideration for the evaluation of the Call for Grants to provide Support to Research groups (SGR 2009). These journals can be found under the link “Revistes de Carhus 2005 no incloses a CARHUS PLUS” (Journals in CARHUS 2005 not included in CARHUS PLUS).

There is a total of 5430 journals, of which 1067 are Spanish publications and 210 were presented from Catalonia. The following table shows the number of journals per area, class A journals and the percentage they represent:

Scientific areaTotal number of journalsNumber of class A journals% of class A journals% of journals in the area compared to the total in Carhus Plus
PSYCHOLOGY 578 231  39,97% 10,64%
HISTORY 735 184  25,03% 13,54%
PHILOSOPHY 315 129  40,95% 8,80%
RELIGIOUS STUDIES 237 64  27,00% 4,36%
EDUCATION 438 150  34,25% 8,07%
ECONOMICS 410 164  40,00% 7,55%
LAW 227 67  29,52% 4,18%
ART 311 112  36,01% 5,73%
ANTHROPOLOGY 187 61  32,62% 3,44%
TOTAL NUMBER OF JOURNALS 5429 1906  35,2% 100

Each journal is classified in one scientific area and on only one level. Level A corresponds to the highest rated publications. Whenever a journal can not be classified in a single area because of its interdisciplinary character is included in the General or Multidisciplinary area.

This group includes the journals that meet at least one of the following criteria:

  1. Journals that are included in the Social Sciences Citation Index, Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Science Citation Indexaccording to the Master Journal List of 2007 or the 2007 edition of Journal Citation Reports.
  2. Journals that have an ICDS classification (see section “What is the ICDS?”) of 7 or higher.
  3. In recognition of the added difficulty that journals in the areas of catalan history, language and literature have in accessing large international databases, more specific criteria have been applied to rank them.

These journals were analysed by selecting the group that mainly publish articles in Catalan in the fields of Philology, Linguistics, Sociolinguistics and History and which have an ICDS classification of 3 or more. In accordance with this selection, the compliance of these was analysed in comparison to the standard format criteria for scientific publications, the system for revision of original submissions and the institutional diversity of the authors they publish. The standard format parameters assessed can be found in the section “How are B, C and D level journals classified?”.
As a result of this evaluation the following journals in Catalan have been included in level A:

  • Afers. Fulls de recerca i pensament
  • Articles de didàctica de la llengua i de la literatura
  • Caplletra. Revista internacional de filologia. Note: On  12/02/2009 a mistake has been corrected in the calculation of this journal bibliometric indicators and so that it has been included in level A.
  • Catalan Journal of Linguistics
  • Els marges. Revista de llengua i literatura catalana
  • Estudios de fonética experimental
  • Manuscrits. Revista d’història moderna
  • Pyrenae
  • Quaderns de filologia. Estudis lingüístics
  • Quaderns. Revista de traducció

In some areas of the social sciences publication in journals and citation mechanisms are firmly consolidated. This means there are a large number of journals indexed to JCR. For this reason, in the fields of Psychology, Sociology and Political Science, Economy, and Geography and Urban development the journals in Group A have been limited 40% while respecting the impact factor or, if it is not available, the highest ICDS rating.

The classification of the B, C and D journals, which will be presented in a few months in the second phase, is based on the following criteria:

  1. The Secondary Diffusion Index (ICDS - Índex Compost de Difusió Secundària).
  2. The compliance of a series of parameters relative to the formal standards of scientific publication. More specifically they are
    • Historic archives of the journals in electronic format: access to the historic archive of previous articles within a minimum period of three years.
    • Compliance of the declared periodicity or publication of the declared number of issues per year.
    • Editorial board: the people making up the editorial board.
    • Original content: 40% or more of the articles must be research work, scientific communication or creation of originals.
    • Instructions to authors: the journal must provide authors with guidelines for submitting originals and abstracts.
    • Affiliation of authors: mention of the institution where the author or authors of the article work.
    • Key words: the inclusion of key words for each article.
    • Existence of an abstract: each article accompanied by an abstract in the original language of the article.
    • Abstract in two languages: each article accompanied by two abstracts different languages, one of them English.
    • Table of contents: existence of a table of contents or index in each issue of the journal showing the title, author and page where the article appears.
  3. Existence of an independent peer review system to evaluate the articles before publication
  4. Percentage rejection and institutional diversity of authors published.

The Secondary Diffusion Index (Índex Compost de Difusió Secundària - ICDS) is the result of a project developed by the research group of the Faculty of Biblioteconomy and Documentation of the University of Barcelona headed by Dr. Cristóbal Urbano. The ICDS is an indicator that measures the diffusion of journals in scientific databases.

These journals are considered on the same level as journals of CARHUS PLUS pending evaluation.

The ICDS is published through the database Information Matrix for Journal Ranking (Matriu d’Informació per a l’Avaluació de Revistes - MIAR). This system publishes a biennial ranking –the last update was in 2008– of key information for the identification and evaluation of journals.

MIAR uses the ISSN number to link selected series of established journals in large scientific areas –at the same time sub-divided onto more specific academic fields– with a series of indexing and abstract databases, journal repertoires and library catalogues.

The ICDS is the result of a numerical calculation that values the greater or lesser diffusion of the journal in the bases consulted under the following benchmarks::

  • 3 points: Titles present in seven international index and abstract databases of multidisciplinary character on Social Sciences and Humanities: Academic Search Premier (ASP), Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA), International Bibliography of Social Sciences (IBSS), Francis/Pascal, Fuente Academica and Periodical Content Index (PCI).
  • 3 points: Titles present in any of the following databases of specialised character: Art Index/Abstracts/Full Text, Educational Research Abstracts (ERA), Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), Geobase, Population Index, Historical Abstracts, Psicodoc, Psycinfo, ATLA Religion Database, Social Services Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts.
  • Nevertheless, if a journal is present in one or more of the multidisciplinary databases at the same time and in one or more of the specialised databases, it is given a total of 5 points.
  • 3.5 points: Titles present in one of the following ISI databases: AHCI, SCI, SSCI.
  • 2.5 points: Titles present in Latindex and which are not present in any of the international databases.

Finalmente, el cálculo se ha completado incorporando los datos de pervivencia  de la revista para los títulos presentes en el repertorio Ulrich's periodicals directory, con la condición de que sea una publicación viva y con la fecha de inicio bien definida.  Concretamente, se asignó a cada título un total de puntos según el valor del "Índice de pervivencia", calculado como el Log10 de los años de vida de la revista (sin embargo siempre contará un máximo de trenta años de vida).


CARHUS 2005 was a first methodological approximation to measure and evaluate scientific journals in the fields of Social Sciences and Humanities. Now, CARHUS PLUS is a second edition developed with more modern criteria. This means that both the journals present and their ranking are of new conception.

A new version of CARHUS PLUS is released every two years to include new updates.

The publishers of a journal can send AGAUR a request for inclusion. The request must be accompanied by a current report explaining the guidelines for scientific publication covered by the journal. The report must explain how the parameters mentioned in the section “How are B, C and D journals classified?” are complied with and include mention of the peer review system for articles published in the journal and the percentage of rejected articles.

Requests can be sent by e-mail to carhus@agaur.gencat.cat or by ordinary mail to the following address: 
Programa de Documentació Científica
Pg. Lluís Companys, 23
08010 Barcelona
Consideration is also given to proposals from research groups, if possible of the inter-institutional type.

Your comments are very useful for improving upcoming editions of CARHUS PLUS or detecting errors in the current version. Comments must always be supported by arguments and justified, and include identification of the person or group making them to enable replies and interaction. Comments can be sent to carhus@agaur.gencat.cat

CARHUS PLUS is a project adjudicated to AGAUR by the DGR. The people responsible for its development have been the team comprised of Dr. Lluís Rovira, assistant director of AGAUR, and Laura Serrate, documentalist.

You can send your suggestions regarding CARHUS Plus+ to carhus@agaur.gencat.cat

  • Correction from 7/07/2009: it has been checked that the journal Language resources and evaluation with ISSN 1574-020X appeared in 2007 Journal Citation Reports. Consequently, this journal goes to the A level
Update:  28.07.2015